In sickness and in health

When health care is personal ... and political

April 30, 2012
Ann and Mitt Romney

Ann and Mitt Romney (Photo courtesy of Flickr/BU Interactive News)

I like Ann Romney. She strikes me as a charming, dignified, and tough advocate for her husband’s presidential campaign. On Thursday, she appeared on Entertainment Tonight to discuss her experiences as a breast cancer survivor and her challenges arising from multiple sclerosis.

Having sat white-knuckled in a gritty Chicagoland hospital waiting room as my wife lay unconscious in the cardiac ICU, I feel some kinship with Mitt Romney in seeing a life partner facing profound medical challenge. Neither Romney nor I know what it felt like for many families sitting near me, who faced a medical crisis while also fearing crushing medical bills.

In 2008, I happened to speak at the National Multiple Sclerosis Society’s annual meeting. I was touting health reform. This was a large, friendly crowd.  Afterwards, an older gentleman hobbled over. Leaning on a huge antique walking stick, he recounted a host of complex medical and financial difficulties he faced with this painful disease.

MS is financially punishing for so many people who lack economic resources or insurance that really covers a complex chronic disease. A heartbreaking NPR story compared the experiences of two MS patients: one in Great Britain, and one in the United States. I’ll let you guess which one was driven to split his pills, became medically uninsured, qualified for disability but fell into the two-year Medicare waiting period, lost his home, and went bankrupt. Economic hardship and financial barriers to appropriate care are common among MS patients across the United States.

In May, 2008, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society enunciated seven principles it wanted to see enacted in health reform.

  1. Health coverage should be accessible for all.
  2. Health services and coverage should be affordable for all.
  3. Standards for coverage of specific treatments should reflect reasonable prospects for patient benefit.
  4. Disparities in care should be eliminated.
  5. Comprehensive, quality health care should be available to all individuals, and this is especially important for people with chronic diseases.
  6. The value of health care should be increased through the universal use of interoperable electronic medical records and increased emphasis on prevention.
  7. People should have access to high-quality, long-term supports and services (including assistive technologies) in settings that best meet their needs.

This was a virtual summary of what became the Affordable Care Act. Indeed two years later, the National Multiple Sclerosis Society responded to health reform’s passage as follows:

We are pleased with the recent passage of the health care reform bill because it represents an important step toward comprehensive health care reform …

MS Activists have been actively engaged [in supporting] many concepts that are a part of the recently passed bill, such as:

  • Prohibiting discrimination against an individual based on pre-existing health conditions;
  • Placing limitations on out-of-pocket costs;
  • Providing access to long-term supports and services;
  • Expanding the Medicaid program;
  • Providing subsidies to those who cannot afford coverage; and
  • Eliminating lifetime limits on the amount of coverage a person may receive.

Mitt Romney pledges to overturn many of the above provisions, especially those that provide financial supports and expanded coverage for literally tens of millions of low- and moderate-income Americans who would otherwise go uninsured.

In similar fashion, the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Action Network concludes that “The Affordable Care Act will save lives . . .”

We have some of the best health care in the world, but for many years that care has gone to fewer and fewer people who can afford it. Cancer patients and survivors are denied coverage because of pre-existing conditions. They have to pay more than they can afford for the care they need. And they pay for health insurance that does not cover lifesaving cancer screenings, treatments, or follow-up care.

Many people with cancer live in fear of losing their health coverage if they lose their job. They worry about having their coverage cancelled because they got sick or they face limits on the amount of care their health plan will cover. Many other people who are happy with their coverage would face these same problems if they were diagnosed with cancer.

Mr. and Mrs. Romney might ponder why so many people whose lives have been altered by chronic disease and disability become passionate supporters of health reform. Some of these advocates directly experience medical-economic hardship. Others have not faced the most punishing financial consequences. They merely see what happens to others, less-privileged, who face the same medical challenges with fewer resources.

Like the Daily Beast’s Michael Tomasky, I’m dismayed that Mr. Romney chose a different course. Anyone who’s sat in those hospital waiting rooms should know better.

Harold Pollack is Helen Ross Professor of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago. He has written about health policy for the Washington Post, New York Times, New Republic,  The Huffington Post and many other publications. Previously, he wrote Critics use reform as new excuse to attack Medicaid and Supreme Court has the power, but not the social authority, to kill health reform for the Health Insurance Resource Center. His essay, “Lessons from an Emergency Room Nightmare,” was selected for The Best American Medical Writing, 2009. 

Tags: ACA, Affordable Care Act, lifetime limits, Medicaid, MS, multiple sclerosis, pre-existing condition, Ann Romney, Mitt Romney

About Harold Pollack

Harold Pollack

Harold Pollack is the Helen Ross Professor at the School of Social Service Administration. He is also Co-Director of The University of Chicago Crime Lab. He has published widely at the interface between poverty policy and public health. Pollack serves as a Fellow at the…

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