north-dakota guide to health insurance

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North Dakota health insurance exchange

84% in ND exchange get subsidies; net premiums higher than average

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  • October 18, 2014

Getting ready for open enrollment

Open enrollment is just around the corner – it starts on November 15.  The North Dakota Insurance Department has a healthcare reform page on their website that includes useful information for consumers, including a list of all the North Dakota brokers and agents who are certified to assist people with exchange enrollments.

Three carriers will be offering policies in the federally-run North Dakota exchange during the upcoming open enrollment period.  This is unchanged from last year, and includes Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Dakota, Medica and Sanford.

2015 rates and plan details will be available on the second week in November.  Rates for 2015 had to be filed with the North Dakota Insurance Department by June 6, but they are currently still under review.

North Dakota’s 2014 enrollments

As of April 19, 10,597 people had enrolled in private plans through the North Dakota exchange.  This was the lowest total of any state in the country, but it was still more than double the number of North Dakota residents who had enrolled as of March 1. 

By of July 6, there were 9,953 enrolled through the exchange in North Dakota.  That’s more than the state reported in mid-May (8,374), but lower than the total at the end of open enrollment because not everyone who enrolled ended up paying their premiums and keeping their new policies. 

Enrollment is expected to be lower in sparsely-populated North Dakota.  Despite the low figures, the state decreased its uninsured rate by two percentage points – from 15 percent to 13 percent – during the first half of 2014.

North Dakota Medicaid expansion

In addition to private plan enrollments, by early June nearly 9,000 low-income North Dakota residents had enrolled in the state’s expanded Medicaid program.  North Dakota has followed a unique public-private partnership model of Medicaid expansion, allowing private health insurance carriers to bid for the opportunity to provide health insurance coverage to the state’s newly-eligible Medicaid population using federal Medicaid funds.  Sanford and Blue Cross Blue Shield of ND placed bids, and ultimately Sanford accepted the job.

Higher than average after-subsidy rates

A report released by HHS in June found that 84 percent of enrollees in the North Dakota exchange received premium subsidies, and the average after-subsidy premium is $132 per month.  This is the second-highest average after-subsidy premium out of the 36 states where HHS is running the exchange (only New Jersey is higher, at $148 per month), and is considerably higher than the $82 per month average across all 36 states.

But the higher average net price in North Dakota is a function of enrollees’ incomes and the plans they selected, as the Obamacare premium tax credits do a very good job of evening out premiums across populations with similar household incomes.  The average pre-subsidy premium in North Dakota is $350 per month, which is very close to the $346 average pre-subsidy premium across all 36 federally-facilitated marketplaces.  Rates for 2015 had to be filed with the North Dakota Insurance Department by June 6, and are currently still under review.

carrier news

Blue Cross Blue Shield of ND fired their CEO, Paul von Ebers, in May 2014 after the carrier reported a loss of nearly $73 million in 2013.  Much of the loss stemmed from subsidiary Noridian Healthcare Solutions’ bungled development of the state-run exchange in Maryland.  The carrier has kept administrative expenses quite low however (7.7% of premiums) and insureds will not see higher premiums based on the Noridian losses, as regulators only allow premiums to be increased based on claims data.

Health insurance carriers are conducting workshops and outreach sessions to help people learn about their options under the ACA.  There are also 17 navigators in ND who are working to educate the public about the policies and subsidies available in the exchange.  The state got about $1 million in federal funding to spend on ACA outreach in 2014.

Grandmothered plans

Following President Obama’s announcement in November that existing policies could be renewed into 2014 at the discretion of states and carriers, North Dakota’s Insurance Commissioner Adam Hamm decided to go along with the president’s policy cancellation “fix” and urged carriers to provide an option to renew some 36,000 individual policies that had been scheduled to terminate at the end of the year.  In May, he extended that allowance following the transitional relief extension issued by HHS in March.

But Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Dakota – the state’s largest insurer – opted in December not to renew policies that had been scheduled for termination.  Their insureds had the option to switch to a new ACA compliant BCBS plan, or purchase new coverage from another carrier.

North Dakota exchange history

The North Dakota House of Representative voted against a state-run health insurance exchange in 2011, and Gov. Jack Dalrymple’s administration reiterated that position in November 2012.  But North Dakota is expanding its Medicaid program under a provision of the Affordable Care Act.  Dalrymple favors the expansion, and the state House approved the measure in February 2012. About 29,000 uninsured people will be eligible for Medicaid under the expanded guidelines, including childless adults.

North Dakota health insurance exchange links

State Exchange Profile: North Dakota
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation overview of North Dakota’s progress toward creating a state health insurance exchange.

North Dakota Insurance Department
Assists people insured by private health plans, Medicaid, or other plans in resolving problems pertaining to their health coverage; assists uninsured residents with access to care.
(701) 328-2440 / Toll Free: 800-247-0560 /