Open enrollment for 2015 has ended, although there’s a special enrollment period from March 15 to April 30 for people who didn’t know about the ACA penalty for not having coverage. Other than that, you can only purchase a 2015 policy – on or off the exchange – if you have a qualifying event. The next open enrollment period begins on November 1, for coverage effective January 1, 2016.
2015 enrollment data
231,440 people enrolled in private plans through the exchange during the 2015 open enrollment (November 15 to February 22, including the week-long extension). 53 percent of Tennessee’s enrollees were new to the exchange for 2015, and 83 percent were eligible for premium subsidies.
HHS had projected that Tennessee’s exchange would enroll 195,000 people during the 2015 open enrollment period (up from the 151 thousand who enrolled during the 2014 open enrollment period). Ultimately, the exchange far surpassed that target – unsurprisingly, given that it was already at 99 percent of the projected enrollment in January.
In addition to the private plan enrollees, 40,373 Tennessee exchange enrollees were eligible for Medicaid or CHIP between November 15 and February 22, despite the fact that the state has not yet expanded Medicaid and is continuing to use the old eligibility guidelines.
Tennessee exchange carriers
Five companies are selling selling individual health insurance through the HHS-run Tennessee marketplace during the 2015 open enrollment period. Assurant joined the four carriers that sold plans in 2014: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee, Cigna, Community Health Alliance, and Humana.
Blue Cross Blue Shield dominated the Tennessee exchange market in 2014, and was the only carrier that offered plans in every county in the state in 2014. The vast majority – 88 percent– of 2014 private plan selections were for Blue Cross Blue Shield policies. BCBSTN’s “Plan E” was the lowest-cost policy, and drew a large volume of enrollees based on the low price, although it had a limited network.
What about rates?
Over the summer, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee filed rate proposals with an average increase of 19 percent for 2015. Cigna was proposing a rate increase of 7.5 percent, while Humana’s came in at 14.4 percent. Once rates were approved, the average rate increase in Tennessee across all eight carriers in the individual market (including on and off-exchange plans) came in at 12.5 percent in Tennessee, making it one of eight states in the PricewaterhouseCooper analysis with double digit average rate increases.
But that’s only part of the story. Because Tennessee had rates so much lower than the national average in 2014, their rates are still much lower than most states in 2015, even after the rate hikes. A Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of benchmark plan (second lowest-cost silver plan) premium changes in major metropolitan areas in all 50 states found that the Nashville area still has the fifth lowest average benchmark premium in the country in 2015, even after an increase of nearly 8 percent.
Tennessee’s rate changes are a perfect example of why it’s so important for 2014 enrollees to go back to the marketplace and double check their options for 2015 rather than simply letting their plan auto-renew. In virtually every area of Tennessee, people who enrolled in the benchmark plan in 2014 and renew that plan for 2015 will be facing rate increases that average at least 15 percent. But people who shop around instead and switch to the new benchmark plan will see much more modest rate changes in most areas – even a decrease in the western part of the state.
Across all metal levels and plans sold in the exchange, a Commonwealth Fund analysis found an average rate increase of 9 percent in the Tennessee exchange, for a 40 year-old non-smoker.
Lawmakers support banning subsidies
The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear King v. Burwell this spring and will likely issue a ruling sometime in June. The crux of the issue is whether or not premium subsidies are legal in states like Tennessee where HHS is running the exchange. In late December, 19 Tennessee lawmakers (some current, some former) signed an amicus brief that was delivered to the Supreme Court, asking the Court to rule that subsidies are not legal in states with HHS-run exchanges.
If the Court does rule that way, subsidies would evaporate in mid-2014 in the 34 states where HHS is running the exchange. Tennessee Senate Majority leader Mark Norris – who signed the amicus brief – believes that the IRS is over-reaching with the nationwide premium subsidies. He says he’s open to the possibility of a state-run exchange if SCOTUS strikes down the subsidies in Tennessee’s current exchange, but the logistics – including funding – of that would be complex and have not yet been addressed.
A loss of subsidies in the Tennessee exchange would put health insurance largely out of reach for the residents who are currently enrolled with subsidies (as of December, 83 percent of the enrollees were subsidy-eligible). But it would also drive up premiums substantially for everyone buying their own health insurance, regardless of whether they qualified for subsidies or not.
Outreach and education
Get Covered Appalachia (TN and VA) has been working to provide outreach and enrollment assistance in Tennessee during open enrollment. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee – by far the dominant carrier in the exchange in 2014, is conducting outreach to target Latino and Millennial populations, both of which were under-represented during the first round of enrollments.
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee is also focusing on general education and enrollment assistance state-wide, after a survey found that 80 percent of the 2014 enrollees signed up without any help, just using HealthCare.gov on their own. Many of them didn’t understand all of the details of their coverage as a result, and BCBSTN is working to make sure that people receive help with the renewal and enrollment process.
Get Covered America-Tennessee announced in early June that Jacob Flowers would be their new director. Flowers’ job is to educate and enroll as many people as possible during the 2015 Obamacare open enrollment period, utilizing resources that have already been allocated to Tennessee. The Tennessee Health Care Campaign was also busy during the fall, gearing up for the 2015 open enrollment period and working to build on their success in the first round of open enrollment.
2014 enrollment stats
Although Tennessee had a strong 2014 open enrollment period, there is still a long way to go. Prior to the first open enrollment period, the Kaiser Family Foundation estimated that 645,000 Tennessee residents would be eligible to purchase policies in the exchange, and 387,000 of them would qualify for subsidies to do so.
But as in all states, the realities of getting people enrolled – especially people who have never had insurance before and are entirely unfamiliar with the system – have proved challenging in Tennessee.
Governor pursued Medicaid expansion
Although the state’s Medicaid enrollment system has been plagued with difficulties, an additional 83,591 exchange enrollees were eligible for Medicaid under the state’s existing rules, despite the fact that Tennessee has not expanded Medicaid. In November 2013, TennCare requested an additional $180 million for its budget as a result of the influx of new applications.
In late March, Tennessee Democrats called on their state and their governor to move forward with Medicaid expansion, or at the very least, Governor Bill Haslam’s “Tennessee Plan,” noting that anything is better than nothing for the 161,000 residents who are currently in the “coverage gap” – not eligible for Medicaid, and not eligible for exchange subsidies.
Haslam spent much of 2014 discussing options with the federal government and TennCare. Although public approval for the ACA overall is relatively low in Tennessee, the majority of the state’s voters – 56 percent according to a November Vanderbilt poll – support Medicaid expansion.
Then in mid-December, Haslam unveiled his Insure Tennessee plan that would include two options: one would involve privatized TennCare participation, and the other would involve vouchers that would allow workers access to previously-unaffordable employer-sponsored coverage. Enrollees with incomes between 100 percent and 138 percent of poverty level would be required to pay modest premiums for their coverage.
The proposal still had to be approved by HHS and the state legislature, but in good news for the state, a new study conducted by the University of Tennessee’s Center for Business and Economic Research determined that Haslam’s Insure Tennessee plan would bring about 50,000 jobs to the state, along with $1.14 billion in new spending to drive the economy.
but Senate committee rejected expansion
A special legislative session to address Governor Haslam’s Insure Tennessee plan convened on February 2. But ultimately, just two days later, the Senate Committee for Health and Welfare rejected the proposal by a 7 to 4 vote. That means it will not proceed to the Senate floor for debate, and there is little chance of a Medicaid expansion bill being re-introduced during the current legislative session. Medicaid expansion is likely off the table in Tennessee for this year.
But there is certainly some support within the legislative body for Medicaid expansion. In fact, US Rep. Steve Cohen has called out Gov. Haslam on his opposition to straight Medicaid expansion (Haslam’s plan involves private insurance for the Medicaid-eligible population), and wants Tennessee to move forward with Medicaid expansion – including accepting $1 billion in federal funds – as outlined under Obamacare.
Tennessee ACA legislation and regulations
Although the ACA is obviously popular with the hundreds of thousands of Tennessee residents who have new coverage in place, GOP lawmakers in the state moved forward in mid-January 2014 with a bill that would prevent state and local government entities – and state contractors – from participating in the HHS-run exchange.
By late March, the bill was still in committee in the senate, and no further action was taken during the 2014 legislative session.
The Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance drew attention for emergency rules issued shortly before the Oct. 2013 launch of the new marketplace. The emergency rules require individuals who will help others use the new health insurance marketplace be fingerprinted and undergo background checks, and would have forbidden lay people from assisting their friends and neighbors with health insurance applications.
Religious and community groups questioned the motivation behind the rules and sued to block the rules. A judge didn’t block the emergency rules, but did agree they were too broad and could be interpreted to apply to those giving informal advice, and a temporary restraining order against the rules was issued. Two lawsuits were brought against the emergency rules, and by mid-October the state government had backed off of the rules, making it easier for people to assist others in Tennessee, both formally and informally.
History of the Tennessee exchange
In December 2012, Gov. Haslam announced Tennessee would not develop its own health insurance exchange, citing a lack of information from the federal government.
Prior to his 2012 announcement, Haslam had leaned toward a state-run exchange. He believed local state control was preferable and that the state could run the exchange more cost-effectively that the federal government.
However, Republican legislators opposed the exchange, Tea Party supporters staged repeated protests, and Tennessee eventually ended up with an exchange run by HHS.
Tennessee health insurance exchange links
Health Assist Tennessee
Helps connect Tennesseans with public and private programs to meet health care needs and assists TennCare members with access to medical care.
State Exchange Profile: Tennessee
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation overview of Tennessee’s progress toward creating a state health insurance exchange.