Open enrollment began on November 15, and continues through February 15. But if you want your coverage to be effective January 1, you need to enroll in a new plan by December 15.
HHS has not yet released state-by-state enrollment data for 2015, but in the first two weeks, 765,135 people enrolled in private plans through HealthCare.gov in 37 states. In 2014, Tennessee had about 2.8 percent of the total private plan enrollments in the federally-run marketplace, so it’s probably fair to assume that somewhere around 21,000 Tennessee residents enrolled in plans during the first two weeks of open enrollment.
Tennessee exchange carriers
Five companies are selling selling individual health insurance through the HHS-run Tennessee marketplace during the 2015 open enrollment period. Assurant is joining the four carriers that sold plans in 2014: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee, Cigna, Community Health Alliance, and Humana.
Blue Cross Blue Shield dominated the Tennessee exchange market in 2014, and was the only carrier that offered plans in every county in the state in 2014. The vast majority – 88 percent- of 2014 private plan selections were for Blue Cross Blue Shield policies. BCBSTN’s “Plan E” was the lowest-cost policy, and drew a large volume of enrollees based on the low price, although it had a limited network.
What about rates?
Over the summer, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee filed rate proposals with an average increase of 19 percent for 2015. Cigna was proposing a rate increase of 7.5 percent, while Humana’s came in at 14.4 percent. Once rates were approved, the average rate increase in Tennessee across all eight carriers in the individual market (including on and off-exchange plans) came in at 12.5 percent in Tennessee, making it one of eight states in the PricewaterhouseCooper analysis with double digit average rate increases.
But that’s only part of the story. Because Tennessee had rates so much lower than the national average in 2014, their rates are still much lower than most states in 2015, even after the rate hikes. A Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of benchmark plan (second lowest-cost silver plan) premium changes in major metropolitan areas in all 50 states found that the Nashville area still has the fifth lowest average benchmark premium in the country in 2015, even after an increase of nearly 8 percent.
Tennessee’s rate changes are a perfect example of why it’s so important for 2014 enrollees to go back to the marketplace and double check their options for 2015 rather than simply letting their plan auto-renew. In virtually every area of Tennessee, people who enrolled in the benchmark plan in 2014 and renew that plan for 2015 will be facing rate increases that average at least 15 percent. But people who shop around instead and switch to the new benchmark plan will see much more modest rate changes in most areas – even a decrease in the western part of the state.
Outreach and education
Get Covered Appalachia (TN and VA) has been working to provide outreach and enrollment assistance in Tennessee during open enrollment. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee – by far the dominant carrier in the exchange in 2014, is conducting outreach to target Latino and Millennial populations, both of which were under-represented during the first round of enrollments.
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee is also focusing on general education and enrollment assistance state-wide, after a survey found that 80 percent of the 2014 enrollees signed up without any help, just using HealthCare.gov on their own. Many of them didn’t understand all of the details of their coverage as a result, and BCBSTN is working to make sure that people receive help with the renewal and enrollment process.
Get Covered America-Tennessee announced in early June that Jacob Flowers would be their new director. Flowers’ job is to educate and enroll as many people as possible during the 2015 Obamacare open enrollment period, utilizing resources that have already been allocated to Tennessee. The Tennessee Health Care Campaign was also busy during the fall, gearing up for the 2015 open enrollment period and working to build on their success in the first round of open enrollment.
2014 enrollment stats
Although Tennessee had a strong 2014 open enrollment period, there is still a long way to go. Prior to the first open enrollment period, the Kaiser Family Foundation estimated that 645,000 Tennessee residents would be eligible to purchase policies in the exchange, and 387,000 of them would qualify for subsidies to do so.
But as in all states, the realities of getting people enrolled – especially people who have never had insurance before and are entirely unfamiliar with the system – have proved challenging in Tennessee.
No Medicaid expansion yet…
Although the state’s Medicaid enrollment system has been plagued with difficulties, an additional 83,591 exchange enrollees were eligible for Medicaid under the state’s existing rules, despite the fact that Tennessee has not expanded Medicaid. In November 2013, TennCare requested an additional $180 million for its budget as a result of the influx of new applications.
In late March, Tennessee Democrats called on their state and their governor to move forward with Medicaid expansion, or at the very least, Governor Bill Haslam’s “Tennessee Plan,” noting that anything is better than nothing for the 161,000 residents who are currently in the “coverage gap” – not eligible for Medicaid, and not eligible for exchange subsidies.
… but voters support expansion
Haslam has not ruled out expanding Medicaid, and has been discussing options with the federal government and TennCare this year. Although public approval for the ACA overall is relatively low in Tennessee, the majority of the state’s voters – 56 percent according to a November Vanderbilt poll – support Medicaid expansion.
US Rep. Steve Cohen has called out Gov. Haslam on his opposition to straight Medicaid expansion (Haslam’s plan involves private insurance for the Medicaid-eligible population), and wants Tennessee to move forward with Medicaid expansion – including accepting $1 billion in federal funds – as outlined under Obamacare.
Tennessee ACA legislation and regulations
Although enrollment surged in the final month of open enrollment and the ACA is obviously popular with the hundreds of thousands of Tennessee residents who have new coverage in place, GOP lawmakers in the state moved forward in mid-January with a bill that would prevent state and local government entities – and state contractors – from participating in the HHS-run exchange.
By late March, the bill was still in committee in the senate, and no further action was taken during the 2014 legislative session.
The Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance drew attention for emergency rules issued shortly before the Oct. 2013 launch of the new marketplace. The emergency rules require individuals who will help others use the new health insurance marketplace be fingerprinted and undergo background checks, and would have forbidden lay people from assisting their friends and neighbors with health insurance applications.
Religious and community groups questioned the motivation behind the rules and sued to block the rules. A judge didn’t block the emergency rules, but did agree they were too broad and could be interpreted to apply to those giving informal advice, and a temporary restraining order against the rules was issued. Two lawsuits were brought against the emergency rules, and by mid-October the state government had backed off of the rules, making it easier for people to assist others in Tennessee, both formally and informally.
History of the Tennessee exchange
In December 2012, Gov. Haslam announced Tennessee would not develop its own health insurance exchange, citing a lack of information from the federal government.
Prior to his 2012 announcement, Haslam had leaned toward a state-run exchange. He believed local state control was preferable and that the state could run the exchange more cost-effectively that the federal government.
However, Republican legislators opposed the exchange, Tea Party supporters staged repeated protests, and Tennessee eventually ended up with an exchange run by HHS.
Tennessee health insurance exchange links
Health Assist Tennessee
Helps connect Tennesseans with public and private programs to meet health care needs and assists TennCare members with access to medical care.
State Exchange Profile: Tennessee
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation overview of Tennessee’s progress toward creating a state health insurance exchange.