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Outside of open enrollment, a special enrollment period allows you to enroll in an ACA-compliant plan (on or off-exchange) if you experience a qualifying life event.

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Mary Lou Retton’s health scare story included some important lessons for consumers, many of whom may assume that the celebrity’s health scare is a sign of barriers to affordable health coverage.
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Medicare in Nebraska

Nebraska Medicare

Key Takeaways

Nebraska Medicare

Medicare enrollment in Nebraska

As of mid-20232, there were 372,288 Nebraska residents with Medicare coverage, amounting to about 19% of the state’s population.

Most Medicare beneficiaries are eligible for coverage because they’re at least 65 years old. But Medicare eligibility is also triggered when a person has been receiving disability benefits for 24 months, or if the person has ALS or end-stage renal disease.

Nationwide, less than 12% of all Medicare beneficiaries are under 65 and eligible due to disability. It’s a little lower in Nebraska, with about 10% of the state’s Medicare population eligible due to a disability. The rest of the state’s Medicare beneficiaries are at least 65 years old.


Explore our other comprehensive guides to coverage in Nebraska


Frequently asked questions about Medicare in Nebraska

Frequently asked questions about Medicare in Nebraska

What is Medicare Advantage?

Medicare Advantage is available as an alternative to Original Medicare. Medicare Advantage includes all of the benefits of Original Medicare (hospital and outpatient/physician coverage), although out-of-pocket medical costs can be very different between the two options, as Medicare Advantage plans can set their own coinsurance, copays, and deductible levels (within parameters set by CMS).

Most Medicare Advantage plans also include Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage, as well as extra programs like dental and vision coverage. But Medicare Advantage plans tend to have localized provider networks, as opposed to Original Medicare’s nationwide access to medical providers who accept Medicare assignmentThere are pros and cons to either option, and no single solution that works for everyone.

Although most counties in the United States do have Medicare Advantage plans available for purchase, there are some rural areas in Nebraska where Original Medicare is the only option. Nebraska has 93 counties, and Medicare Advantage plans are available in 87 of them in 2023. Across those 87 counties, plan availability ranges from just three plans in several counties, up to 34 in some of the more populous counties.

For 2024, CMS has noted that nearly 99% of Medicare beneficiaries in Nebraska will have access to Medicare Advantage plans. So while there continue to be some areas that don’t have these plans, the vast majority of beneficiaries can select them if that’s their choice.

Only 15% of beneficiaries of Medicare in Nebraska had Medicare Advantage plans as of 2018, compared with an average of 34% nationwide. The lower Medicare Advantage enrollment in Nebraska is due in part to the fact that some counties in Nebraska don’t have Medicare Advantage plans available for purchase.

As of mid-2023, there were 119,401 Medicare beneficiaries in Nebraska who were enrolled in private Medicare plans (as opposed to Original Medicare; that figure does not include people who had private coverage to supplement Original Medicare), although that had grown from only about 50,000 in late 2018.

The private plan enrollment as of mid-2023 was about 32% of the state’s Medicare population, which was more than double the percentage it had been five years earlier. Nationwide, about 48% of Medicare beneficiaries were enrolled in private plans — almost entirely Medicare Advantage plans — as of 2023.

Medicare’s annual open enrollment period (October 15 to December 7 each year) allows Medicare beneficiaries the opportunity to switch between Medicare Advantage and Original Medicare and/or add or drop a Medicare Part D prescription plan. Medicare Advantage enrollees also have the option to switch to a different Advantage plan or to Original Medicare during the Medicare Advantage open enrollment period, which runs from January 1 to March 31.

What are Medigap plans?

Original Medicare does not limit out-of-pocket costs, so most enrollees maintain some form of supplemental coverage. More than half of Original Medicare beneficiaries receive their supplemental coverage through an employer-sponsored plan or Medicaid. But for those who don’t, Medigap plans (also known as Medicare Supplement plans) are designed to pay some or all of the out-of-pocket costs (deductibles and coinsurance) that Medicare beneficiaries would otherwise have to pay themselves.

Medigap plans are sold by private insurers, but the plans are standardized under federal rules, with ten different plan designs (differentiated by letters, A through N). The benefits offered by a particular plan (Plan G, Plan F, etc.) are the same regardless of which insurer is selling the plan. So plan comparisons are much easier for Medigap policies than for other types of health insurance; consumers can base their decision on premiums and less tangible things like customer service, since the benefits themselves are uniform.

There are 48 insurers in Nebraska that offer Medigap plans, and according to an AHIP analysis, there were more than 175,000 Nebraska Medigap enrollees in 2021 (down from more than 182,000 in 2020; the growth of Medicare Advantage enrollment means fewer people who need Medigap to supplement Original Medicare). So almost 70% of Nebraska’s Original Medicare population (and almost half of the state’s entire Medicare population) had supplemental coverage through Medigap plans. This is higher than the rate in most states; nationwide, about a quarter of Original Medicare beneficiaries have Medigap coverage.

Unlike other private Medicare coverage enrollment (Medicare Advantage and Medicare Part D plans), there is no annual open enrollment window for Medigap plans. Instead, federal rules provide a one-time six-month window when Medigap coverage is guaranteed issue. This window starts when a person is at least 65 and enrolled in Medicare Part B (you must be enrolled in both Part A and Part B to buy a Medigap plan).

People who aren’t yet 65 can enroll in Medicare if they’re disabled and have been receiving disability benefits for at least two years, and about 10% of Nebraska Medicare beneficiaries are under 65 years old. However, federal rules do not guarantee access to Medigap plans for people who are under 65.

The majority of the states have stepped in to ensure at least some access to private Medigap plans for disabled enrollees under the age of 65, but Nebraska has not. Medigap insurers in Nebraska are not required to offer coverage to people under 65 years of age. United American Insurance Company voluntarily offers some Medigap plans to disabled Medicare beneficiaries in Nebraska who are under age 65, albeit at significantly higher premiums than the rates that apply when a person is 65.

Nebraska used to allow Medicare enrollees under the age of 65 to enroll in the state’s high-risk pool (NECHIP), but the high-risk pool is no longer operational as of 2023. The Nebraska Department of Insurance confirmed in 2023 that there were no other supplemental coverage options for Medicare beneficiaries under age 65. They can select a Medigap plan from United American Insurance Company, enroll in Medicare Advantage, or rely on Medicaid or an employer’s plan to supplement Original Medicare. Disabled Medicare beneficiaries have access to the normal federally-required Medigap open enrollment period when they turn 65, regardless of how long they’ve been enrolled in Original Medicare at that point.

(Coverage through NECHIP began to be offered in the 1980s, for people who were unable to obtain medically underwritten health coverage. That’s no longer necessary for people who buy individual/family coverage, due to the ACA (medical underwriting is prohibited in that market). But the ACA did not change anything about medical underwriting for Medigap plans outside of a person’s initial enrollment window. So NECHIP used to be an option for Medicare enrollees under the age of 65, helping to cover out-of-pocket costs that enrollees would otherwise have (several other states still use high-risk pools as an option for Medicare beneficiaries under age 65.) As of 2019, however, there were only two people enrolled in NECHIP coverage in Nebraska, so this was not a widely used option.)

Although the Affordable Care Act eliminated pre-existing condition exclusions in most of the private health insurance market, those regulations don’t apply to Medigap plans. Medigap insurers can impose a pre-existing condition waiting period of up to six months, if you didn’t have at least six months of continuous coverage prior to your enrollment. And if you apply for a Medigap plan after your initial enrollment window closes (assuming you aren’t eligible for one of the limited guaranteed-issue rights), the insurer can look back at your medical history in determining whether to accept your application, and at what premium.

What is Medicare Part D?

Original Medicare does not cover outpatient prescription drugs. More than half of Original Medicare beneficiaries have supplemental coverage via an employer-sponsored plan or Medicaid, and these plans often include prescription coverage. But Medicare enrollees without creditable drug coverage need to obtain Medicare Part D in order to have coverage for prescription drugs. Medicare Part D plans can be purchased as a stand-alone plan, or as part of a Medicare Advantage plan that includes Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage.

Insurers in Nebraska are offering 22 stand-alone Part D plans for 2023, with premiums that start as low as 50 cents per month (many plans have much higher premiums, and it’s important to compare available options during the Annual Election Period in the fall).

As of mid-2023, there were 187,836 Medicare beneficiaries in Nebraska with stand-alone Medicare Part D plans. Another 101,075 had Medicare Part D coverage as part of their Medicare Advantage plans.

Medicare Part D enrollment follows the same schedule as Medicare Advantage enrollment: Beneficiaries can select a Medicare Part D plan when they’re first eligible for Medicare, and the annual election period each fall (October 15 to December 7) allows people to pick a different plan or enroll for the first time if they didn’t enroll when they were first eligible (there’s a late enrollment penalty for people who enroll in Medicare Part D after their initial enrollment window, unless they maintained creditable drug coverage from another source).

How does Medicaid provide financial assistance to Medicare beneficiaries in Nebraska?

Many Medicare beneficiaries receive financial assistance through Medicaid with the cost of Medicare premiums and services Medicare doesn’t cover – such as long-term care.

Our guide to financial assistance for Medicare enrollees in Nebraska includes overviews of these programs, including long-term care coverage, Medicare Savings Programs, and eligibility guidelines for assistance.

What additional resources are available for Medicare beneficiaries and their caregivers in Nebraska?

If you have questions about Medicare eligibility in Nebraska or Medicare enrollment in Nebraska, the Nebraska Senior Health Insurance Information Program (SHIIP) can provide assistance with a wide range of topics related to Medicare in Nebraska.

Nebraska Medicare beneficiaries with limited income and assets may be eligible for Medicaid as well (nationwide, about 1 in 5 Medicare beneficiaries is also eligible for Medicaid). You can contact the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services to learn more about Medicaid eligibility for people who are enrolled in Medicare.

The Nebraska Department of Insurance maintains a helpful consumer information page about Medicare supplements (Medigap), including a list of the companies that offer Medigap plans and how much they charge for a 65-year-old applicant.

Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable Care Act for Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts.



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  2. April 2023 Medicaid & CHIP Enrollment Data Highlights,, April 2023 
  3. Availability of short-term health insurance in Nebraska”, Jan. 20, 2023