Medicare in Georgia
Since 2011, Georgia has required Medigap insurers to make their plans available to people under the age of 65, but rates tend to be much higher.
- Nearly 1.9 million residents are enrolled in Medicare in Georgia.1
- About 53% of Georgia Medicare beneficiaries are enrolled in Medicare Advantage plans.1
- All counties in Georgia have Medicare Advantage plans available, but plan options vary considerably from one county to another.2
- Medigap plans in Georgia are required to use issue-age rating (premiums do not increase based on an enrollee’s increasing age) or community rating (premiums do not increase within a geographic area based on age, gender, health status or other reasons).3
- Georgia requires Medigap insurers to offer plans to disabled Medicare beneficiaries under age 65, but the premiums are significantly higher.4
- There are 23 stand-alone Part D prescription plans available in Georgia in 2023.5
Medicare enrollment in Georgia
As of March 2023, there were 1,859,192 people enrolled in Medicare in Georgia. That’s about 17% of the state’s population versus about 19.5% of the total U.S. population enrolled in Medicare.6
For most Americans, enrolling in Medicare benefits goes along with turning 65 years old. But over 7.7 million Americans under the age of 65 also have Medicare coverage.7 This is because Medicare eligibility is also triggered once a person has been receiving disability benefits for 24 months, or has kidney failure or ALS.
Disabled beneficiaries make up the largest share of Medicare enrollees in Alabama, Arkansas, and Kentucky, where 21% of Medicare beneficiaries are under age 65. In contrast, just 8% of Hawaii’s Medicare beneficiaries are eligible due to disability.
The Medicare Annual Election Period runs from October 15 to December 7 each year and allows Medicare beneficiaries the chance to switch between Medicare Advantage and Original Medicare (and add, drop, or switch to a different Medicare Part D prescription drug plan). People who are already enrolled in Medicare Advantage plans also have the option to switch to a different Medicare Advantage plan or to Original Medicare during the Medicare Advantage open enrollment period, which runs from January 1 to March 31.
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Explore our other comprehensive guides to coverage in Georgia
We created this Georgia health insurance guide to help you understand the health insurance options and possible financial assistance available for you and your family.
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Nearly 2.5 million Georgia residents were enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP (PeachCare for Kids) as of 2023.8 After being paused for three years due to the pandemic, Medicaid disenrollments resumed in Georgia in May 2023. By July 2023, more than 173,000 Georgia residents had been disenrolled from Medicaid.9
Georgia allows short-term health plans to follow federal duration rules, and at least nine insurers currently market short-term health insurance in Georgia.10
Frequently asked questions about Medicare in Georgia
What is Medicare Advantage?
Medicare Advantage plans are offered by private insurers and plan availability varies from one county to another. For example, in some Georgia counties, there are only 25 Medicare Advantage plans available in 2023, whereas residents in DeKalb and Gwinnett counties can select from among 63 plans.2
Medicare Advantage enrollment had increased to 53% of the state’s Medicare population by March 2023, where about 993,000 Georgia Medicare beneficiaries had Medicare Advantage coverage1 (not counting people with private coverage like Part D and Medigap, used to supplement Original Medicare).
About 880,000 Georgia Medicare beneficiaries had coverage under Original Medicare instead at that point.1 Overall, Medicare enrollment has been steadily increasing in Georgia1 (as has been the case nationwide),117 but the percentage of beneficiaries enrolled in Original Medicare has been declining, while Medicare Advantage enrollment has been increasing.12
Nationwide, Medicare Advantage enrollment had climbed to nearly 48% of all beneficiaries by March 2023,7 but Georgia was among several states where Medicare Advantage covered more than 50% of beneficiaries at that point.1
What are Medigap plans?
Original Medicare does not limit out-of-pocket costs (like monthly premiums and coinsurance or copayments), so most enrollees maintain some form of supplemental coverage.13
Nationwide, over 80% of Original Medicare beneficiaries have supplemental coverage. But for those who don’t, Medigap plans (also known as Medicare Supplement Insurance plans, or MedSupp) will pay some or all of the out-of-pocket costs (e.g., deductibles and coinsurance) they would otherwise have to pay if they only had Original Medicare coverage.14
According to an America’s Health Insurance Plan (AHIP) report, 381,224 Georgia Medicare beneficiaries had Medigap coverage as of 2020. (Medigap coverage cannot be used with Medicare Advantage plans.)15
Medigap plans are sold by private insurers, but they’re standardized under federal rules and regulated by state laws and insurance commissioners. There are 38 insurers that offer individual Medigap plans in Georgia in 2023.4 Details about the insurers that offer Medigap plans in Georgia are available through the Plan Finder tool on the Medicare.gov website.
There are three ways Medigap insurers can set their premiums: Issue-age rating means that premiums are based on the age the person was when they enrolled in the plan, so a person who enrolls at age 65 will always pay a lower premium than a person who enrolls at age 80 (rates can still increase overall, but not based on a particular enrollee’s increasing age). Attained-age rating is the approach that most insurers use nationwide (except where prohibited), and it allows the insurer to increase premiums based on the enrollee’s current age, so rates go up as a person ages. Community rating means that premiums don’t vary with age, but there are only eight states that require this approach, and insurers usually do not use it if not required to do so.16
In Georgia, Medigap insurers have been prohibited from using attained-age rating for plans issued since 2009 (see Section 7). So most Medigap plans in the state use issue-age rating, 17although some opt for community rating.
Federal rules require Medigap insurers to offer plans on a guaranteed-issue basis during an enrollee’s open enrollment period, which begins when the person is at least 65 years old and enrolled in Medicare Part B (and Part A; you have to be enrolled in both to obtain Medigap, but some people delay enrollment in Part B if they continue to receive employer-sponsored coverage to supplement Medicare Part A). Despite the fact that over 7.7 million Medicare beneficiaries nationwide are not yet 65,7 there is no federal requirement that Medigap insurers offer plans to people who are under age 65.18 However, the state of Georgia does require insurers to offer Medigap to those under 65.17
But the majority of the states have addressed this with legislation that ensures at least some access to Medigap plans for people under age 65, and Georgia is among them. In Georgia, Medigap insurers must offer their plans on a guaranteed-issue basis to anyone who enrolls in Medicare Part B, regardless of age.17 This rule took effect in 2011, and Georgia granted a one-time six-month open enrollment period to people who already had Part B; since then, people who enroll in Medicare in Georgia all have the same six-month open enrollment period for Medigap, regardless of their age.
Georgia’s statute clarifies that people under age 65 can be charged higher premiums, but that the premium variation “shall not be excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory and shall be based on sound actuarial principles and reasonable in relation to the benefits provided.”17 Even with that parameter, Medigap rates are substantially higher for Georgia residents under the age of 65; rate filings are available in SERF and on Medicare’s plan finder tool. Most Georgia Medigap insurers are charging under-65 enrollees between three and ten times as much as they charge enrollees who are 65.19
Disabled Medicare beneficiaries have access to another Medigap open enrollment period when they turn 65. At that point, they can obtain a plan with the standard age-65 rates.
Disabled Medicare beneficiaries have the option to enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan instead of Original Medicare, and rates are not higher for enrollees under age 65. Medicare Advantage plans have more limited provider networks than Original Medicare, and total out-of-pocket costs can be as high as $8,300 per year for in-network care, plus the out-of-pocket cost of prescription drugs (Part D does not have a cap on out-of-pocket costs, regardless of whether it’s purchased as a stand-alone plan or integrated with Medicare Advantage) can be higher.20
Although the Affordable Care Act eliminated pre-existing condition exclusions in most of the private health insurance market, those rules don’t apply to Medigap plans. Medigap insurers can impose a pre-existing condition waiting period of up to six months if an individual didn’t have at least six months of continuous coverage prior to your enrollment (although many of them choose not to do so). And if you apply for a Medigap plan after your initial enrollment window closes (assuming you aren’t eligible for one of the limited guaranteed-issue rights), the Medigap insurer can consider your medical history in determining whether to accept your application, and at what premium.
What is Medicare Part D?
Original Medicare does not provide coverage for outpatient prescription drugs. Over 80% of Original Medicare beneficiaries have some type of supplemental coverage, and these plans can include prescription drug coverage.1321
Medicare Part D, created under the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003, provides drug coverage for Medicare beneficiaries who do not have another source of coverage for prescription drugs expenses. Medicare Part D coverage can be purchased as a stand-alone plan (called a prescription drug plan, or PDP) or obtained as part of a Medicare Advantage plan. (Medicare Advantage plans with built-in prescription drug coverage are called Medicare Advantage-Prescription Drug, or MAPD, plans).
You can sign up for a PDP or MAPD (or change to a different one) during the annual enrollment period that runs from October 15 to December 7 each year, with the new coverage effective January 1 of the coming year.
There are 24 stand-alone Medicare Part D plans for sale in Georgia in 2023, with premiums that start at $7.30 per month.22
Overall Medicare Part D enrollment — including stand-alone prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage plans with integrated Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage — has been steadily increasing in Georgia121 as overall Medicare coverage enrollment has grown. But enrollment in stand-alone Medicare Part D plans has been decreasing in Georgia, because Medicare Advantage enrollment growth has outpaced Original Medicare enrollment growth.
As of March 2023, there were 509,162 Georgia residents with stand-alone Medicare Part D plans.1 That was down from more than 627,566 in March 2018.12 But during the same period, enrollment in Medicare Advantage plans with integrated Part D coverage had grown from about 620,828 people12 to more than 993,002 people.1
How does Medicaid provide financial assistance to Medicare beneficiaries in Georgia?
Many Medicare beneficiaries receive financial assistance through Medicaid with the cost of Medicare premiums, prescription drug expenses, and services not covered by Medicare – such as long-term care.
Our guide to financial assistance for Medicare enrollees in Georgia includes overviews of these programs, including Extra Help, long-term care coverage, and eligibility guidelines for assistance.
What additional resources are available for Medicare beneficiaries and their caregivers in Georgia?
Need help with your Medicare coverage enrollment, or understanding your Medicare eligibility in Georgia? You can contact the State Health Insurance Assistance Program with questions related to Medicare enrollment in Georgia.
Regardless of whether you’re about to submit your Medicare application in Georgia or have been a Medicare beneficiary for many years, you’re likely to have questions from time to time. The Medicare Rights Center website is a nationwide resource for information, with helpful content geared to Medicare beneficiaries, caregivers, and professionals.
Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable Care Act for healthinsurance.org. Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts.
- “Medicare Monthly Enrollment – Georgia.” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Data, March 2023
- Jeannie Fuglesten-Biniek and Meredith Freed. “Medicare Advantage 2023 Spotlight: First Look.” Kaiser Family Foundation, November 10, 2022.
- “Costs of Medigap Policies.” Medicare.gov. Accessed July 27, 2023.
- “Supplement Insurance (Medigap) Plans in Georgia.” Medicare.gov. Accessed July 19, 2023.
- “Fact Sheet – Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.” CMS, September 29, 2022.
- “U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts: Georgia; United States.” U.S. Census Bureau, July 1, 2022.
- “Medicare Monthly Enrollment – US.” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Data, March 2023.
- “May 2023 Medicaid & CHIP Enrollment Data Highlights” Medicaid.gov, Accessed August 2023
- “Medicaid Enrollment and Unwinding Tracker” KFF.org, Aug. 30, 2023
- “Availability of short-term health insurance in Georgia” healthinsurance.org, Feb. 28, 2023
- “Medicare Monthly Enrollment – US (2018).” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Data, March 2018.
- “Medicare Monthly Enrollment – Georgia (2018).” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Data, March 2018.
- Ochieng, Nancy, and Jeannie Fuglesten Biniek. “Cost-Related Problems Are Less Common among Beneficiaries in Traditional Medicare than in Medicare Advantage, Mainly Due to Supplemental Coverage.” Kaiser Family Foundation, July 7, 2021.
- “Get Medigap Basics.” Medicare.gov. Accessed July 22, 2023.
- “The State of Medicare Supplement Coverage.” AHIP.org, cMarch 2022.
- “Community Rating – Glossary.” Glossary | HealthCare.gov. Accessed July 27, 2023.
- “Subject 120-2-8 Medicare Supplement Insurance.” State of Georgia. Accessed July 27, 2023.
- “Get Ready to Buy.” Medicare.gov. Accessed July 21, 2023.
- “Supplement Insurance (Medigap) Plans in Georgia.” Medicare.gov. Accessed July 23, 2023.
- “What You’ll Pay in Out-of-Pocket Medicare Costs in 2023.” The National Council on Aging, November 18, 2022.
- “HP-2022-08 Medicare Beneficiary Enrollment Trends.” Office of Health Policy, March 2, 2022.
- “Fact Sheet – Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.” Page 32. CMS, September 29, 2022.