Health insurance in Mississippi
- Mississippi utilizes the federally run health insurance marketplace, with residents enrolling through Healthcare.gov.
- Open enrollment for 2021 health insurance in Mississippi ended on December 15, 2020. Residents with qualifying events can still enroll or make changes to their coverage outside of open enrollment.
- Short-term health insurance plans can be sold in Mississippi with initial plan terms up to 364 days.
- Two insurers offer coverage through the Mississippi health insurance marketplace; Blue Cross Blue Shield of Mississippi only offers plans outside the marketplace.
- Mississippi has refused to accept the ACA’s Medicaid coverage expansion.
- Nearly 609,000 Mississippi residents were enrolled in Medicare plans as of mid-2020.
This page provides consumers in Mississippi with information and resources about their health insurance options. Here, you’ll find information about the many types of health insurance available to individuals and families who may not be employed or who qualify for coverage through government-sponsored programs. All of the options cover both medical and prescription drug benefits. You can find the basics of the Mississippi health insurance marketplace and upcoming open enrollment period; a brief overview of Medicaid expansion in Mississippi; a quick look at short-term health insurance availability in the state; statistics about state-specific Medicare rules; as well as a collection of health insurance resources for Mississippi residents.
Mississippi’s health insurance marketplace
A health insurance exchange or marketplace is basically a website that you can use to sign up for coverage under the Affordable Care Act, which is also called Obamacare. The Affordable Care Act established the benefits that must be covered by exchange plans.
In very general terms, Obamacare helps people who aren’t enrolled in employer-provided insurance coverage, have income too high to qualify for Medicaid, or aren’t old enough for Medicare. Other pages on this site provide more detailed information to help you find the right type of program and specific healthcare plans. You can use the health insurance exchange to enroll in healthcare for yourself or your family and to see if you qualify for subsidies or cost-sharing reductions (CSR) to help you pay for monthly premiums and out-of-pocket costs.
Mississippi used to run its own small business health insurance exchange, dubbed One Mississippi, but had abandoned that by 2018, in favor of having the federal government run the small business exchange. The federal government, in turn, had opted to have small businesses enroll directly through insurers by 2018, and is no longer operating a portal for small businesses to enroll in health insurance coverage.
Two healthcare plans, Molina and Magnolia/Ambetter, participated in the Mississippi health insurance marketplace for 2020. Molina offers plans in 19 counties in 2020, but is expanding to offer coverage statewide for 2021.
By the end of the open enrollment period for 2020 coverage, 98,892 people had signed up for private individual market plans through the Mississippi health insurance marketplace. This was the second year in a row with increasing enrollment.
Read our guide to the Mississippi health insurance marketplace.
Mississippi open enrollment period and dates
Open enrollment in Mississippi ran from November 1 through December 15, 2020. All plan selections made during the open enrollment period will have January 1, 2021 effective dates.
Medicaid expansion in Mississippi
In general, Medicaid will provide health insurance for people who are not employed, have very low income, or are disabled. Income limits for eligibility vary by state and for adults, children, pregnant women, and people with disabilities. Some people qualify for both Medicaid and Medicare.
Medicaid is run jointly by state and federal government. The federal government sets broad rules, with each state determining specific eligibility guidelines and operating the program.
Most states, including Mississippi, contract with health plans to operate their Medicaid programs.
Without Mississippi Medicaid expansion, non-elderly, non-disabled adults without children are not eligible for Medicaid coverage. Adults with dependent children qualify for Medicaid coverage only if the family’s income is 23 percent or less of the federal poverty level (FPL), which works out to under $5,000 in total annual income for a family of three in 2020. Pregnant women are eligible for Medicaid coverage with a household income up to 194 percent of the poverty level. Medicaid eligibility for Mississippi children varies by age and ranges from 133 percent to 194 percent of FPL.
Due to the state’s decision not to expand, average monthly Medicaid enrollment is virtually unchanged since 2013. It has increased by just 1 percent, whereas nationwide average enrollment in Medicaid plans had increased by 28 percent from 2013 to 2020. And Mississippi wants to impose a Medicaid work requirement on the existing Medicaid population, although similar waivers in other states have been overturned by judges.
Read more about Mississippi and Medicaid coverage.
Short-term health insurance in Mississippi
Mississippi defaults to the current federal rules for short-term health insurance plans. That means plans sold in the state can have initial terms of up to 364 days, and total duration, including renewals, of up to 36 months.
Read more about short-term health insurance coverage in Mississippi.
Mississippi health ratings
The Commonwealth Fund’s Scorecard on State Health System Performance ranks the 50 states and DC in terms of overall health. Again in 2019, Mississippi maintained its bottom of the barrel, 51st place ranking. The high percentage of residents without health insurance in Mississippi is one of the factors that plays a role in the state’s poor performance.
Mississippi is also ranked the least-healthy state by America’s Health Rankings.
To learn more about Mississippi’s health as a state, see Key Health Data About Mississippi from the Trust for America’s Health. Data from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Population Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin allow you to compare the health of counties within Mississippi.
Has Obamacare helped Mississippi?
98 percent of Mississippi health insurance marketplace enrollees qualified for premium subsidies in 2020, and 87 percent are receiving cost-sharing reductions (CSR), which is the highest percentage in the nation (nationwide, 86 percent of enrollees receive premium subsidies and 50 percent receive CSR benefits; both are based on income, but Mississippi has a lower-than-average per-capita income). These ACA benefits serve to make individual health insurance and health care more affordable and accessible for Mississippi residents than they would be without the ACA.
Mississippi’s uninsured rate dropped by about 29 percent under the ACA, falling from 17.1 percent in 2013 to 12.1 percent in 2018. But the state’s uninsured rate remains higher than the national average. Mississippi has not accepted the ACA’s federal funding to expand Medicaid. The uninsured rate would be considerably lower if they had.
Mississippi lawmakers and the ACA
Mississippi’s Senators are both Republican: Roger Wicker and Cindy Hyde-Smith. Both are opposed to the ACA, and support Mississippi’s decision to reject federal funding to expand Medicaid coverage. Hyde-Smith believes the ACA should be repealed, and Wicker proudly touts his record that includes numerous votes to repeal or defund the ACA.
Mississippi’s US House delegation includes three Republican representatives and one Democrat.
In the Mississippi state legislature, Republicans have a strong majority in both chambers.
Does Mississippi have a high-risk pool?
Before the ACA’s reforms to the individual health insurance market, eligibility for private coverage was contingent on medical history. People with pre-existing conditions were often unable to purchase private plans, or could only buy policies that excluded their pre-existing conditions.
The Mississippi Comprehensive Health Insurance Risk Pool (the “Association” or MCHIRPA) was established in 1992 as a means of providing coverage for people who were unable to purchase comprehensive plans in the private market because of pre-existing conditions.
Now that the ACA has brought guaranteed issue coverage to the private individual market, high-risk pools are largely obsolete. Mississippi’s Association remained operational through 2016. But by 2017, the website simply said “these policies are no longer being offered.” People with pre-existing conditions can instead obtain coverage in the individual market in Mississippi, since medical history is no longer a factor in determining premiums or eligibility for coverage.
In 2018, Mississippi enacted HB1196, which states that “upon the cessation of operations” by MCHIRPA, the distribution of any remaining funds held by the association would have to be approved by the Commissioner of Insurance.
Medicare coverage and enrollment in Mississippi
Medicare enrollment in Mississippi stood at 608,750 people as of July 2020. This included about 463,000 people covered under Original Medicare, with the rest enrolled in Medicare plans through the Medicare Advantage program.
Read more about Medicare enrollment in Mississippi. This page include information about traditional Medicare (where the federal government pays directly for services you receive) Medicare Advantage (where you can chose from one of several private health plans in your state, and the federal government pays the plan for the services you receive) and Medicare Part D (prescription drug coverage), as well as state rules for Medigap plans.
Health reform legislation in Mississippi
Scroll to the bottom of the page for a summary of recent Mississippi legislation related to healthcare reform and Mississippi health insurance coverage.
Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable Care Act for healthinsurance.org. Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts.