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13 qualifying life events that trigger ACA special enrollment
Outside of open enrollment, a special enrollment period allows you to enroll in an ACA-compliant plan (on or off-exchange) if you experience a qualifying life event.

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Finalized federal rule reduces total duration of short-term health plans to 4 months
A finalized federal rule will impose new nationwide duration limits on short-term limited duration insurance (STLDI) plans. The rule – which applies to plans sold or issued on or after September 1, 2024 – will limit STLDI plans to three-month terms, and to total duration – including renewals – of no more than four months.
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qualifying event

What is a qualifying life event?

healthinsurance.org health insurance glossary

What is a qualifying life event?

A qualifying life event is an event that triggers a special enrollment period for an individual or family to purchase health insurance outside of the regular annual ACA open enrollment period.

This article will help you understand more about qualifying events. And our guide to special enrollment periods has detailed information about all of the qualifying events that apply to coverage obtained in the individual/family market (on-exchange or off-exchange).

What types of health insurance use qualifying life events?

Qualifying life events trigger special enrollment periods in all ACA-compliant major medical plans. These types of policies include individual market, small group, and large group insurance plans – all of which have to allow you or your family member to enroll or make a plan change due to a qualifying event, assuming you meet all other eligibility requirements.

Qualifying events also apply to plans that are semi-compliant with the ACA (grandfathered and grandmothered plans). Certain qualifying events also trigger special enrollment periods for Medicare coverage.

Other types of policies (e.g., short-term medical plans) are not required to enroll you in coverage when you experience a qualifying event.

What are examples of qualifying life events?

In the individual/family market (in most cases, this includes on-exchange or off-exchange coverage), qualifying life events include:

The qualifying events in the employer market are slightly different than these events listed above.

How long do I have to select a plan or switch to a different plan if I experience a qualifying life event?

If you experience a qualifying life event, you have 60 days to select a plan in the individual/family market or switch to a different plan (in some cases, the ability to switch from one plan to another is limited during special enrollment periods). Depending on the qualifying event, you may have a special enrollment window that begins 60 days before the event and continues for 60 days after the event.

In most cases, the coverage will be effective the first of the following month if you enroll by the 15th of the month (HealthCare.gov will no longer impose this deadline as of 2022). But there are different effective date rules for marriage, birth or adoption of a child, and loss of other coverage.

For Medicare coverage, most qualifying events trigger 2-month special enrollment periods, but there are exceptions.

The length of time to select a plan usually is only 30 days in the employer market.

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