California has a state-run exchange named Covered California for the sale of certified individual/family medical and dental plans.
Unlike most states, California requires all health insurers that offer plans in the exchange to embed pediatric dental coverage in the medical plans. So any child enrolled in a health insurance plan through Covered California has pediatric dental coverage integrated with their health coverage.
In addition, stand-alone dental plans are available for purchase that cover both adults and children. Covered California clarifies that if a family chooses to purchase stand-alone dental coverage in addition to a health plan, coordination of benefits will apply to the pediatric dental coverage on the two plans.
Frequently asked questions about dental coverage in California
How much does dental insurance cost in California?
For adults who purchase their own or family stand-alone dental coverage through the exchange, premiums range from $15 to $85 per month.
IHC Specialty Benefits reports that the average monthly premium for a stand-alone family dental plan sold in California in 2022 was $53.25.
If a family is purchasing coverage through the health insurance exchange, the premiums associated with embedded pediatric dental coverage can be offset by premium tax credits (premium subsidies). But since all of the health plans sold through Covered California include embedded pediatric dental benefits, premium subsidies cannot be used to offset the cost of a separate stand-alone dental plan. (Here’s more about how subsidies work for pediatric dental coverage, depending on whether the health plan has integrated pediatric dental benefits.)
Are stand-alone pediatric dental plans on the exchange ACA-compliant?
In California, the stand-alone pediatric dental plans available will comply with the ACA’s pediatric dental coverage rules. This means out-of-pocket costs for children’s dental care will not exceed $375 per child in 2023 (or $750 for all the children on a family’s plan), and there is no cap on medically-necessary pediatric dental benefits.
When a family is relying on pediatric dental benefits that are embedded into a health plan, the out-of-pocket costs can be higher. But there is still no limit on how much the health plan will pay, as pediatric dental is an essential health benefit and thus cannot be subject to annual or lifetime benefit caps.
For all essential health benefits, the specific coverage requirements for pediatric dental care are guided by the state’s essential health benefits benchmark plan.
You can see details here for California’s benchmark plan, which does include coverage for both basic and major dental services for children.
Which insurers offer dental coverage through the California marketplace?
In 2023, there are five insurers that offer stand-alone individual/family dental coverage through the health insurance marketplace in California. These are dental plans that are not included with a medical plan and must be purchased separately:
- Anthem BlueCross
- Delta Dental of California
- California Dental Network
- Dental Health Services
- Blue California
These plans can be purchased through Covered California during open enrollment (November 1 to January 31) or during a special enrollment period triggered by a qualifying life event. Exchange-certified stand-alone dental plans are compliant with the ACA’s rules for pediatric dental coverage. And benefits will coordinate with the pediatric dental coverage that’s integrated with all medical plans sold through Covered California.
Can I buy dental insurance outside of California's exchange?
There are also a variety of dental insurers that sell stand-alone dental plans directly to consumers in the Golden State. These plans are not subject to the ACA’s essential health benefit rules for pediatric dental coverage, but they are regulated by the California Department of Insurance. If you would like to purchase a non-ACA qualified dental plan, ask a dentist for recommendations or search online.
In California, there are also various dental discount plans available. Dental discount plans are not insurance, but they can offer discounted rates at participating dentists. Here’s what you need to know about the differences between dental insurance and dental discount plans.
To find off-exchange discount plans in your area, search online for dental discount plans and California.
How does California Medicaid and CHIP provide dental coverage?
What dental resources are available in California?