Health insurance in Washington, DC
- The District of Columbia enrolls through DC Health Link, a state-run health insurance exchange.
- Open enrollment for 2019 coverage will be three months long.
- Three insurers are offers 2019 coverage through the DC Health Link.
- The average individual market premium increase for 2019 is 13 percent.
- In 2017, 22,717 enrolled in 2018 coverage through the DC exchange.
- The District of Columbia was an early adopter of the ACA’s Medicaid expansion.
- The District of Columbia currently limits short-term plan duration to 364 days, with renewals up to 36 months.
DC’s health insurance marketplace
The federal government reduced the duration of individual market open enrollment to just over six weeks, starting in 2017. But DC was one of three exchanges that opted to keep the duration of open enrollment at three months. Open enrollment in DC began November 1 and will continue until January 31, 2019.
Three insurers are offering individual-market plans in DC for 2019: Group Hospitalization and Medical Services, CareFirst Blue Choice, and Kaiser of the Mid-Atlantic States. The average rate increase proposed by the three for 2019 was 15.5 percent, but the final approved rate hike on average was 13 percent instead.
SHOP enrollment in DC
As of December 5, 2017, enrollment in small-business plans through DC’s exchange stood at 75,633, by far the highest SHOP enrollment in the country. (DC doesn’t have an off-exchange option, so small businesses that want coverage must enroll through DC Health Link. In addition, members of Congress and their staffers must enroll through DC Health Link’s SHOP exchange in order to get their employer contribution to their health insurance premiums).
DC enrollment in qualified health plans
Approximately 10,700 individuals selected a qualified health plan through DC Health Link during the first Obamacare open enrollment period. This was 29.8 percent of the estimated eligible market in the District of Columbia.
During the 2014 open enrollment period, 45 percent of the people who signed up for private health plans through the District’s exchange were ages 18 to 34 – the highest percentage in the U.S. Nationwide, 28 percent of enrollees belonged to this age group.
In the District of Columbia, there is no off-exchange enrollment for individuals or small businesses. In September 2015, a new Plan Match tool was launched to help DC consumers compare plans and select 2016 coverage.
DC Health Link’s 2016 open enrollment period saw 22,912 individuals select private qualified health plans through the exchange. During the 2017 open enrollment period,23,779 people enrolled in individual market plans through the exchange.
During the open enrollment period for 2018 coverage , 22,717 people in DC enrolled in individual market coverage through DC Health Link. Fifty-five percent of all enrollees for 2018 were 34 or younger, which is a demographic that helps to stabilize the risk pools.
Enrollment in small-group plans through DC Health Link reached 76,574 – dramatically higher than small-business exchange enrollment in other states.
Read more about DC’s marketplace.
Medicaid in Washington, DC
The District of Columbia is one of 32 states that expanded Medicaid coverage under the ACA. The state decided early on to participate in the expansion ahead of schedule, beginning enrollment in 2011.
Between fall 2013 (before the ACA expansion) and July 2018, enrollment in Medicaid/CHIP in DC increased by 23,053 people, a 9.8 percent increase.
Read more about Medicaid expansion in DC.
Short-term health insurance in DC
Because DC does not regulate short-term plans, the new federal regulations on short-term plans apply in the District. Insurers are allowed to offer short-term plans with initial terms up to 364 days and the option to renew for a total duration of up to 36 months.
However, DC’s Standing Advisory Board has recommended that the city council limit short-term plans to three months and prohibit renewal.
Read more about short-term health insurance in DC.
How has Obamacare helped DC?
According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, about 50,000 District of Columbia nonelderly residents were uninsured in January 2014. About 27,500 of these residents were estimated to qualify for Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program, with many of them newly qualified under the ACA’s more generous eligibility criteria.
An additional 5,000 of uninsured, nonelderly residents qualified for the ACA’s premium tax subsidies to help them purchase medical insurance through the marketplace.
At 3.7 percent, the District of Columbia’s uninsured rate was tied with Wisconsin for the third lowest in the nation, according to the National Center for Health Statistics’ National Health Interview Survey 2015, which was released in May 2016.
District of Columbia and the Affordable Care Act
While a delegate represents the District of Columbia in the U.S. House of Representative, that delegate does not vote on proposed bills. The District of Columbia is not represented in the U.S. Senate. Accordingly, the District of Columbia is not “on record” for the 2010 House and Senate votes establishing the Affordable Care Act.
The District of Columbia City Council established a state-run health insurance marketplace under the ACA. The legislation establishing the District of Columbia Health Benefit Exchange Authority was signed into law by Mayor Vincent Gray (D) in January 2012. The bill was also subject to review by the U.S. Congress. This is the typical process for legislation in the District of Columbia, and Congress rarely rejects laws passed by the District of Columbia.
The District of Columbia’s marketplace is named DC Health Link, and it is the only place that individual and small group markets can purchase major medical health insurance plans in DC. The District also accepted Medicaid expansion, and total enrollment in DC’s Medicaid program grew by more than 50,000 people from late 2013 through May 2017.
Medicare enrollment in DC
In 2015, there were 88,421 DC residents enrolled in Medicare in the District of Columbia, about 13 percent of the District’s total population. Nationally, about 17 percent of the total population is enrolled in Medicare. The District spent about $9,490 per enrollee in 2014, about 6 percent more than the national average.
In the District of Columbia, Medicare enrollees can select a Medicare Advantage plan instead of Original Medicare as a way to receive additional benefits. Of District Medicare enrollees, 13 percent select Medicare Advantage, a number much smaller than the 31 percent who do so nationwide. Medicare Part D provides 45 percent of District Medicare enrollees with stand-alone Rx benefits.