The 2020 elections will feature healthcare ballot measures in Oklahoma, Colorado, and California. | Image: rawpixel.com / stock.adobe.com
In this edition
Open enrollment for individual-market health plans begins Sunday
Starting this Sunday, November 1, people in every state will be able to shop for 2021 individual-market health coverage. This window applies to about 13 million people who already purchase their own health coverage (as opposed to getting it from an employer or from the government through programs that include Medicare and Medicaid). But millions of currently uninsured Americans can also use the upcoming open enrollment period to secure health coverage for 2021.
As always, it’s important to actively shop and compare the available plan options for 2021, even if you’re happy with the plan you currently have. According to CMS, 30 percent of HealthCare.gov enrollees who receive premium subsidies will have access to at least one plan with premiums under $10/month for 2021, and nearly three-quarters will be able to get a plan for under $75/month. Nearly everyone will have access to HSA-qualified high-deductible health plans, which are necessary if you want to be able to contribute to a health savings account. And more than a third of counties in HealthCare.gov states will have at least one Gold plan priced below the benchmark Silver plan, resulting in very low-cost Gold coverage for people who are subsidy-eligible.
But there’s a lot more to it than just premiums! It’s important to pay close attention to the coverage specifics and the provider network. Got questions? Seek help from a broker or navigator in your area. Your price will still be the same, but you’ll have someone to help you sort out the details.
Our guide to open enrollment for 2021 health coverage is a comprehensive overview of what you need to know if you or a loved one are shopping for your own health insurance this fall. (We also have a guide to Medicare’s open enrollment period, which started earlier this month and continues for almost six more weeks.)
2021 health plan browsing now enabled nearly nationwide
Two weeks ago, nine of the state-run exchanges had already enabled window shopping for 2021 health plans. As of this week, two more – Connecticut and Washington – have joined them, and so has HealthCare.gov, which is used in 36 states.
So although we still have a few days before people can start actively shopping for their 2021 coverage, residents in nearly every state in the country can use anonymous browsing tools to see what’s available in their area for next year, and how much it will cost.
Healthcare ballot measures to watch
Two of the most-watched ballot measures of 2020 were on primary ballots earlier this year: Voters in Missouri and Oklahoma approved Medicaid expansion initiatives, with expanded coverage eligibility that will take effect in both states in mid-2021 as a result.
But there are some important health care measures on state ballots in next week’s general election:
- Oklahoma: Fund Medicaid expansion. If approved by voters, State Question 814 would change the way Oklahoma’s tobacco settlement money is allocated, in order to provide additional funding for Medicaid. Currently, 75 percent of the tobacco settlement money goes to the Oklahoma Tobacco Settlement Endowment Trust (which provides grants for programs aimed at preventing cancer and heart disease, tobacco cessation programs, etc.) and 25 percent is split between the state legislature and the attorney general’s office. State Question 814 would flip these percentages, so that the legislature would receive 75 percent of the funding (less the amount that’s sent to the attorney general’s office, which would remain unchanged). The additional money would then be used to fund Medicaid. This is a pressing issue in Oklahoma, as voters already approved a ballot initiative calling for Medicaid expansion, and the legislature is required to establish funding for the state’s portion of the cost. (The federal government pays 90 percent of the cost of Medicaid expansion, and the state pays the other 10 percent.)
- Colorado: Paid medical and family leave. If approved by voters, Proposition 118 would provide up to 12 weeks of paid family or medical leave (16 weeks in the case of pregnancy or childbirth complications). The maximum benefit would be $1,100/week, and the program would be funded by a payroll tax split between employers and employees.
- California: State requirements for dialysis clinics. If approved by voters, Proposition 23 would require dialysis clinics to have a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant on the premises during dialysis treatments. It would also prohibit dialysis clinics from denying service based on the type of health insurance a person has, and require clinics to get state approval before they could close the facility or reduce their services. Proposition 23 is backed by the Service Employees International Union-United Healthcare Workers West (SEIU-UHW West), which sponsored a similar measure that voters rejected in 2018. SEIU-UHW West was also the prime mover in a failed ballot measure in Arizona: Back in July, we told you about how supporters had gathered enough signatures to get the Arizona Hospital Worker Minimum Wage and Insurance Regulations Initiative on the ballot. But the measure was later rejected by a Maricopa County judge and the Arizona Supreme Court, preventing it from appearing on next week’s ballot.
Georgia’s surprise billing transparency law takes effect November 1
Georgia’s House Bill 789 – which passed with nearly unanimous support in the state’s legislature in June and was signed into law in July – takes effect this Sunday, November 1. The law is designed to help consumers avoid surprise balance billing, although it only applies to health plans that are regulated by the state, which does not include self-insured group plans. (These cover the majority of people with employer-sponsored health coverage and are regulated by the federal government instead.)
Under HB789, health plans will have to provide details about whether their in-network hospitals’ specialty groups are also in-network. This applies to anesthesiologists, pathologists, radiologists, and emergency medicine physicians, which are the four specialties most likely to be out-of-network and thus leave patients susceptible to surprise balance billing. For each in-network hospital, the insurer will have to show a green checkmark for each specialty that’s also in-network at that hospital, or a red X if the specialty group is not in-network. (A green N/A is allowed if the hospital doesn’t offer that type of specialty service,) If a hospital has fewer than four checkmarks, the insurer has to provide clear details about which specialty group or groups are not in-network at that hospital.
What’s at stake with California v. Texas
Oral arguments in the lawsuit that could overturn the ACA – California v. Texas, which was called Texas v. Azar when it was in the lower courts – will be heard by the Supreme Court on November 10. With Amy Coney Barrett’s confirmation, the Court now has a 6-3 conservative majority, and there is a considerable amount of anxiety over how the Court will eventually rule in this case, sometime next year. As we explained last week, the result of the ACA being overturned would be dire, with millions of Americans losing their health coverage as a result.
Numerous states have taken action at the state level to preserve at least some of the ACA’s consumer protections in case the law is overturned, but the loss of the ACA’s federal funding (for Medicaid expansion and premium subsidies) would be a substantial hurdle.
Amy Lotven reported this week that the contract insurers signed with HHS to offer plans through HealthCare.gov includes an “exit clause” that would allow the insurers the option to end their contracts with the federal government if the ACA’s premium tax credits are terminated. Although there is currently no viable legislation that could end the premium tax credits, they would end if the Supreme Court were to overturn the ACA (as would all of the rest of the ACA’s consumer protections, which extend far beyond pre-existing conditions).
But although the oral arguments in the case will be heard in November, it will likely be several months until the Supreme Court issues an opinion; rulings in important cases typically come in June. And although it’s possible that the Court could overturn the ACA sometime next year, it’s also possible that Congress could pass legislation to shore up the ACA’s consumer protections and ensure that there’s a seamless transition, even if the current law is overturned.
So for now, the take-away message is that people need to enroll in coverage during open enrollment this fall, just as they have for the last seven years. Coverage will take effect January 1, 2021, long before we know how the Supreme Court is going to rule on California v. Texas.
Louise Norris is an individual health insurance broker who has been writing about health insurance and health reform since 2006. She has written dozens of opinions and educational pieces about the Affordable Care Act for healthinsurance.org. Her state health exchange updates are regularly cited by media who cover health reform and by other health insurance experts.
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